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Health and Medical Sciences

All students wishing to take CNA or EMT will be required to complete an application, attend an interview with a HMS faculty member, demonstrate satisfactory progress in Introduction to Health Careers or Medical Terminology to include academics, attendance, behavior, and workplace readiness skills.

Health and Medical Sciences

Introduction to Health and Medical Sciences

R8302 (1 Credit)
Grades 10, 11, 12

This course introduces the student to a variety of healthcare careers and develops basic skills required in all health and medical sciences. It is designed to help students understand the key elements of the U.S. healthcare system and to learn basic healthcare terminology, anatomy and physiology for each body system, pathologies, diagnostic and clinical procedures, therapeutic interventions, and the fundamentals of traumatic and medical emergency care. Throughout the course, instruction emphasizes safety, cleanliness, asepsis, professionalism, accountability, and efficiency within the healthcare environment. Students also begin gaining job-seeking skills for entry into the health and medical sciences field. In addition, instruction may include the basics of medical laboratory procedures, pharmacology fundamentals, biotechnology concepts, and communication skills essential for providing quality patient care. Course fees will apply for uniforms and other items. National Health Science Assessment and Workplace Readiness are offered as approved Industry certifications. Students must meet Virginia Placement Test (VPT) requirements to determine eligibility for Dual Enrollment options.

Medical Terminology

R8383 (1 Credit)
Grades 10,11,12

Medical Terminology is designed to help students learn common medical terms essential for patient care. Topics are presented in logical order, beginning with each body system's anatomy and physiology and progressing through pathology, laboratory tests and clinical procedures, therapeutic interventions, and pharmacology. Students learn concepts, terms, and abbreviations for each topic. National Career Readiness and Workplace Readiness are offered as approved Industry certifications. Students must meet Virginia Placement Test (VPT) requirements to determine eligibility for Dual Enrollment options.

Health Assisting Careers

R8331 (2 Credits)
Grades 10,11, 12

Students explore opportunities in the healthcare field by developing basic skills common to several assisting careers. They study body structure and function, principles of health and disease, and an overview of the health and patient care system. Supervised work-based learning may be part of the course in health care settings and is managed by the health and medical sciences education teacher. Course fees may apply for uniforms and other items. National Health Science Assessment and Workplace Readiness are offered as approved Industry certifications. Students must meet Virginia Placement Test (VPT) requirements to determine eligibility for Dual Enrollment options.

Nurse Aide (CNA)

Nurse Aide I & II

R8355 & R8356(4 Credits)
Grades 11, 12

Nurse Aide I, offered as an occupational preparation course beginning at the 11th-grade level, is regulated under the Virginia Board of Nursing. It emphasizes the study of nursing occupations as related to the healthcare system. Students study growth and development across the lifespan, simple body structure and function, and medical terminology. They are introduced to concepts of infection prevention and disease processes. Students receive entry-level skill training in patient nurse aide relationships; measuring and recording of vital signs; cardiopulmonary resuscitation; and general patient care. Work-based learning may be offered as part of this course. The Nurse Aide I course introduces students to careers in nursing, health professions, and STEM-H professions. Students must maintain American Heart Association's Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) & Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC) training during this course. Recommended prerequisite(s): Introduction to Health and Medical Sciences 8302 Some healthcare facilities that accept federal funding (e.g., Medicare, Medicaid) may require criminal background checks and drug screens for students participating in a clinical experience. An updated immunization record will be required prior to the student participating in the clinical experience.

Nurse Aide II is an occupational preparation course emphasizing body systems and diseases as related to advanced clinical care of the acute medical-surgical patient, the chronically ill, and the elderly. Students receive skills training and hands-on clinical experiences in a healthcare setting. Work-based learning in a healthcare facility is part of the course. Students must maintain American Heart Association's Cardiopulmonary Resuscitation (CPR) & Emergency Cardiovascular Care (ECC) training during this course. This course requires students to meet the Virginia Board of Nursing required clock hours to be eligible to take the National Nurse Aide Assessment Program (NNAAP) exam. Additionally, this course includes the approved opiate competencies for health and medical sciences education. Course fees will apply for uniforms and other items. Students will complete all competencies to become a certified nurse aide and will sit for the Certified Nurse Aid exam at the end of Level II. This program is only offered to students that are at least 16 years old, have maintained a C average, and have successfully completed the CNA application. CNA certification is offered through the Virginia Board of Nursing. Students must meet Virginia Placement Test (VPT) requirements to determine eligibility for Dual Enrollment options.

Emergency Responder (EMT)

Emergency Responder I & Emergency Responder II

R8333 &R8334 (4 Credits)
Grade 12

Emergency Responder I tasks for this course represent the National and Virginia Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Educational Standards. Students explore and apply the fundamentals of EMS, anatomy, physiology, and medical terminology while demonstrating skills in assessing and managing patient care, including assessing the scene and understanding shock, resuscitation, and trauma. Successful completion of this course and instructor endorsement qualifies students to enroll in EMT II to complete the program sequence. Students must complete a minimum of 85 percent of the didactic and lab aspects of the course, per 12VAC5-31-1501 in the Code of Virginia. Successful completion of all course requirements and instructor endorsement may lead to eligibility to take the Virginia State Psychomotor Exam and the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) cognitive exam. Students must meet the requirements of the Functional Position Description for the Basic Life Support Provider (refer to EMS.TR.14B and 12VAC5-31-1501 in the Code of Virginia).

In Emergency Responder II students build on their knowledge and skills for providing basic life support by focusing on the areas of EMS operations, medical emergencies, and management of special patient populations. Supervised field experience that includes at least 10 patient contacts outside of school hours is required. Successful completion of this second course in the sequence will earn the student CTE completer status. Successful completion of all course requirements and instructor endorsement may lead to eligibility to take the Virginia State Psychomotor Exam and the National Registry of Emergency Medical Technicians (NREMT) cognitive exam. Students must meet the requirements of the Functional Position Description for the Basic Life Support Provider (refer to EMS.TR.14B and 12VAC5-31-1501 in the Code of Virginia). Students must complete a minimum of 85 percent of the didactic and lab aspects of the course, per 12VAC5-31-1501 in the Code of Virginia. NOTE: Students must be at least 16 years old prior to the first day of EMT instruction. All students will need to undergo a criminal background check that includes fingerprinting and drug screening. Students will be eligible to sit for the Virginia State EMT Exam, and upon passing be will be able to sit for the National Emergency Medical Responder exam. Students must meet Virginia Placement Test (VPT) requirements to determine eligibility for Dual Enrollment options.

Sports Medicine

Sports Medicine I

R8316 (1 credit)

In this course, students earn a certification in First Aid/CPR/AED. The course introduces students to topics such as human anatomy and physiology, nutrition, biomechanics, medical terminology, injuries and illnesses, and legal and ethical issues in sports medicine. Students also examine prospective careers in the sports medicine field. Upon successful completion of this course, students are eligible to take Sports Medicine II and pursue certification as a personal trainer. Workplace Readiness is offered as an approved Industry Certification.

Sports Medicine II

R8317 (2 credits)

Upon successful completion of this course, students will be eligible to take the National Academy of Sports Medicine-Certified Personal Trainer (NASM-CPT) exam. This course builds upon basic knowledge acquired in Sports Medicine I on topics such as exercise physiology, biomechanics, exercise program design, and injury prevention, assessment, treatment, and management. Students prepare for a career in sports medicine, including completing an internship. Workplace Readiness is offered as an approved Industry Certification.